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Definition
Related Terms
  
A
  

Student's age group is an aggregation of age groups defined in the U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS) Fall Enrollment survey. The separate age groups are:

  • Under 18 (High school age) = IPEDS under 18
  • 18‐21 (Traditional age) = IPEDS 18‐19 and 20‐21
  • 22‐34 (Early‐Career) = IPEDS 22‐24 and 25‐29 and 30‐34
  • 35‐49 (Mid‐Career) = IPEDS 35‐49
  • 50‐64 (Late‐Career) = IPEDS 50‐64
  • 65+ (Seniors) = IPEDS 65+
Age
F
  
Student attempted 12 semester credits (or their equivalent) or more in the fall term of his or her  initial academic year. Note that developmental courses should be converted to credit  equivalents and added to the attempted credit total if the institution does not offer credits for  developmental education​.
Enrollment; Part-time
C
  
The VFA defines CTE programs using a list of programs from the Classification of Instructional  Programs (CIP), Developed by the National Center For Education Statistics, that have been  identified for purposes of the VFA as Career/Technical Education programs.  A complete listing of  CIP Codes is available as Appendix A.
Full-time
P
  
Student attempted at least one, but less than 12, semester credits (or their equivalent) during  the fall term of his or her initial academic year. Note that developmental courses should be  converted to credit equivalents and added to the attempted credit total if the institution does  not offer credits for developmental education.​
Full-time; Career and Technical Education (CTE)
C
  
Credits earned are the number of semester credit hours accumulated over a given period of time.  For purposes of the VFA, credits earned include developmental coursework.  Colleges that are not on a semester credit hour system are asked to convert their credit hours to semester equivalents.  Developmental coursework that does not award credits for successful completion should be converted to semester equivalent credit hours.  Unlike the “Successful Completion” as defined below, credits earned should be based on institutional practice for awarding credits, or for passing a class that does not have a formal grade. 
D
  
Any level of remediation; i.e., instructional courses designed for students deficient in the general competencies necessary for a regular postsecondary curriculum and educational setting. Developmental courses are also known as remedial courses, basic skills courses, preparatory courses, or compensatory courses.
E
  
Grand total of male and female students enrolled for credit as defined in the U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS) Fall Enrollment survey.
Full-time; Part-time
E
  
Indicates whether the student is a full-time or part-time at the college; enrollment status is based upon the fall term of the student’s initial academic year and remains the same throughout the reporting period.
Enrollment; Full-time; Part-time
G
  
Student’s gender, if reported.
I
  
This attribute classifies the institution as single campus, multi‐campus college, or college of a multi‐college district or system. 
L
  
For measures in the workforce area that specify “employment with a livable wage,” livable wage will be defined as: 200% of the national poverty level for a family of four. This definition was chosen because it is readily available to all colleges and comparable across institutions.  For 2010, this amount is $44,100 ($55,140 in Alaska and $50,720 in Hawaii).
P
  
Indicates whether the student received a Federal Pell grant at any time during the 6-year tracking time frame from the institution where s/he first enrolled for the 2006 cohort and during the 2-year tracking time for the 2010 cohort. A “Yes” indicates that the student was a Pell grant recipient and “No” indicates that the student was not a Pell grant recipient at any time during the 6-year tracking time frame.
R
  
Student’s racial or ethnic background, as defined in IPEDS. Because the VFA looks at historical cohorts, it is expected that colleges will use the old race/ethnicity categories.  However, wherever possible, colleges will be asked to report the new race/ethnicity categories.

Old categories will include the percents of the student body who were:
  • Nonresident Alien
  • Black, Non-Hispanic
  • American Indian or Alaska Native
  • Asian or Pacific Islander
  • Hispanic
  • White, Non-Hispanic
  • Race/Ethnicity Unknown
New categories will include the  percents of the student body who were:
  • Nonresident Alien
  • Black or African American
  • American Indian or Alaska Native
  • Asian
  • Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander
  • Hispanic
  • White
  • Two or more races
  • Race/Ethnicity Unknown
Age; Gender
R
  
Defined as any student who based on institutional practice is referred to or places into a developmental or remedial education course. 
Developmental Education
S
  
Success in a course is defined as earning a grade of at least a “C” or “Passing” if course is graded as “pass/fail”.  Note, this definition is not the same as that used for calculation of credits earned.  Unlike the definition of “Successful Completion”, credits earned should be based on institutional practice for awarding credits, or for passing a class that does not have a formal grade.  Credits earned are the number of semester credit hours accumulated over a given period of time.  For purposes of the VFA, credits earned include developmental coursework.  Colleges that are not on a semester credit hour system are asked to convert their credit hours to semester equivalents.  Developmental coursework that does not award credits should be converted to semester equivalent credit hours. 
Credits earned